In 1950, Philippines President Elpidio Quirino appointed Magsaysay secretary of defense to deal with the threat of the Huks, whose leader, Luis Taruc, had called for the overthrow of the government.
Magsaysay reformed the army, dismissing many officers and emphasizing mobility and adaptability in combat operations against the Huk guerrillas—tactics that he had learned in his own guerrilla efforts against the Japanese in World War II.
Ramon Magsaysay, former President of the Philippines, was born on 31 August 1907.
After his unexpected demise in 1955, the Ramon Magsaysay Award was conceived to honor "greatness of spirit shown in service to the people." The first awards were given out in 1958. It is unclear what role the Credo below plays in the selection of awardees or in what context it was first pronounced, but it is quite obvious that many—even non-Filipinos—have been inspired if not by the Credo in its entirety, then at least by the second sentence. Credo Ramon Magsaysay I believe that government starts at the bottom and moves upward, for government exists for the welfare of the masses of the nation.
Una siyang nag-aral ng elementarya sa paaralan ng Castillejos at tinanghal siyang salutatorian sa Mataas na Paaralan ng Zambales Academy.
Mahilig siya sa teknolohiya kaya pumasok siya sa Pamantasan ng Pilipinas at nag-aral ng Mechanical Engineering.
Nagawa niyang ilapit ang pamahalaan sa puso ng bayan at pag-alabin ang diwa ng pagkamakabayan sa damdamin ng mga Pilipino.