Three contemporary accounts and a sketch of the fort agree that its walls formed a triangle around a storehouse, church, and a number of houses.
Bulwarks (raised platforms) for cannons were built at the three corners to defend against a possible Spanish attack.
In 1619, the first documented Africans came to Jamestown—about 50 men, women, and children—aboard a Portuguese slave ship that had been captured in the West Indies and brought to the Jamestown region.
They most likely worked in the tobacco fields as indentured servants, but as time went on, they became slaves.
and was considered permanent after brief abandonment in 1610.
It followed several earlier failed attempts, including the Lost Colony of Roanoke.
The traditional telling of early Jamestown history portrayed those pioneers as ill-suited for the task.